How to put an end to back pain & stiffness without taking painkillers, without risking surgery and having to wait to see a GP​

Back Pain
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Physiotherapists play a key role in helping people to recover from back pain.

Most people will experience back pain at some point in their life and persistent back pain is common. At any one time, about a quarter of the population are affected by back pain. Knowing what to do when you get it and how to prevent it is crucial.

An assessment with a Physio at ALO Physiotherapy will help you to understand what the root causes of the back pain are and what specific strategies can be used to enable recovery.

Classification: Acute, Sub-Acute and Chronic pain:

  • Acute pain: less than 6 weeks duration
  • Sub-acute pain: 6-12 weeks duration
  • Chronic pain: more than 12 weeks duration


A verbal assessment will help the physiotherapist to understand how the back pain started and what makes the pain better or worse. Physical and emotional factors and sleep patterns can be important contributing factors to pain and will be assessed.

Your physio will perform a thorough examination of the function of your muscles, nerves and joints of your lumbar spine. They will identify the cause and contributing factors to the pain. Your muscles may not be controlling and supporting specific spinal movements such as bending or reaching. You may have areas of underactivity or overactivity in your muscles throughout these spinal movements.

Important information about MRI scans

Although MRI Scans are important for identifying more serious pathologies of the spine, it is important to note than many findings on MRI scans are normal and may not be the cause of pain.

The majority of people without back pain have degenerative changes in their spine. Almost half of people who have no pain in their spine have disc prolapses.

In the majority of cases, pain is not correlated with these structural abnormalities.


Back pain research has identified that the most effective form of physiotherapy treatment for back pain is exercise and manual therapy.

Based on your physiotherapist’s examination, they will be able to identify the best forms of manual therapy and exercise for you to help enable normal spinal movement, build confidence in your back and a return to normal life. Your physiotherapist may include other forms of treatment to facilitate recovery.  We offer Rehabilitation programmes at ALO Physiotherapy which can help you get back to living your life pain free.

Treatments which may be used by Physiotherapists at ALO Clinic

  • Rehabilitative exercises
  • Manual Therapy
  • Relaxation
  • Taping
  • Electrotherapy
  • Clinical Massage Therap

Common causes of back pain

Slipped Disc commonly effects the lower back and is often caused by lifting heavy objects incorrectly, over-exercising or even being overweight.  A slipped disc can be very painful putting pressure on the spinal nerves and muscles.

Sciatica is caused by nerve pain that can be excruciating with pain running down the leg and lower back.  It is often triggered by a slipped disc or other injuries.

Piriformis Syndrome is commonly caused by sports injuries from overuse.  It is characterised by buttock or hip pain.

Fractured Vertebrae these injuries cause pain and limit movement and aree often the result of an accident or fall.

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