In these blogs we are outlining some of the most common conditions causing persistent knee pain and how to reduce symptoms and maximise how well the knee functions. The most common conditions we see at ALO Physiotherapy include: osteoarthritis, anterior knee pain and patella tendinopathy.
In this blog, we are focusing on anterior knee pain:
Anterior knee pain causes pain in the central part of the front of the knee and can be due to a number of conditions which include: patella-femoral joint syndrome, tendinopathy, bursitis, iliotibial band syndrome, Osgood-Schlatter’s, as well as a number of other conditions.
An assessment by a physiotherapist will determine the cause of the pain and the most effective treatments for knee pain relief.
Assessment will include diagnostic tests and an examination to identify any muscle imbalances or biomechanical factors in the feet, knee and pelvic region, which may be contributing to the pain.
Anterior Knee Pain Symptoms
Symptoms vary according to the nature and severity of the condition. Pain may be provoked by:
- Walking up or down stairs
- Sitting for long periods
Anterior Knee Pain Treatment
Physiotherapists design specific exercise programmes based on their diagnosis which will address the underlying cause of the pain. This is likely to include stretching and strengthening exercises, to resolve any muscle imbalances.
Treatments which may be used by Physiotherapists:
- Rehabilitative exercises
- Manual Therapy
- Clinical Massage Therapy
Finally, if you do have anterior knee pain, here are our top tips to get knee pain relief quickly:
1. Get an Assessment by a Physiotherapist – to identify the cause of the knee pain and any contributing factors which may be causing the pain to persist. The physiotherapist will be able to quickly identify the best form of treatment to provide relief.
2. Try frozen peas for 2 minutes for quick relief – some people (not everyone) find this really helpful – wrap some frozen veg in a tea towel and put them on the painful area for 2-3 minutes. Ice temporarily reduces nerve activity which can provide relief. The cold will also help if there is any inflammation in the area.
3. Identify the best knee rehab exercises – these may include a combination of muscle reactivation, range of movement, strengthening and balance exercises. They need to provide the appropriate challenge, in order to maximise knee function, without provoking pain, as well as addressing any biomechanical factors which may be contributing to the pain.