In these upcoming blogs we want to give you some information about some of the most common conditions causing persistent knee pain and how to reduce symptoms and maximise how well the knee functions. These include: osteoarthritis, anterior knee pain and patella tendinopathy.

Knee Osteoarthritis

At ALO Physiotherapy, one of the most common knee joint pain conditions we see people with is Osteoarthritis, so we’ve outlined below some information about the symptoms and treatments available to improve symptoms and function of the knee.

There is plenty of research evidence for physiotherapy as a treatment for people with knee osteoarthritis. Symptoms often begin gradually, however they can be provoked by trauma to the knee.

An osteoarthritic knee joint may have changes in the quality of cartilage, ligaments and bone surfaces within the joint. This can, but does not always lead to pain, stiffness and muscle weakness. Despite these changes, any symptoms can be improved with physiotherapy.

Research supports the use of specific exercises to improve pain, stiffness and knee function. Physiotherapists assess which structures are affected and identify the most effective form of treatment.

Knee osteoarthritis is more common in people with obesity, previous knee injury or hypermobility.

Knee Osteoarthritis Symptoms include:

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Reduce range of movement
  • Pain with walking and stairs
  • Swelling

Osteoarthritis Knee Treatment

  • Assessment of lifestyle factors which may contribute to persistence of pain, for example: work postures or sporting activities, shoes, biomechanical factors.
  • Manual Therapy
  • Exercises

movements to improve range of motion
exercises to strengthen the main supporting muscles of the knee
balance exercises
exercises to improve specific activities which have become difficult

If you have knee osteoarthritis, the best thing you can do is:

  • Keep the joint as mobile as possible, without significantly provoking the pain
  • Consider using a cool compress on the joint for 5 minutes several times a day for pain relief-  always wrap ice / frozen peas in a towel before applying. 
  • Get an assessment by a physiotherapist.
  • Exercises – under guidance or a physiotherapist – to improve range of movement, muscle strength and balance.